Heartworm Treatment for Cats and Dogs

coOnce your pet has heartworms the treatment is not easy. You want to rid your pet of heartworms but many factors need to be looked at before proceeding. Your veterinarian will have to do many tests to determine how many worms your pet has, how it is affecting your pet and if your pet can handle the side effects of the medication.

Let’s first look at the treatment of heartworms for dogs. The first thing that will have to be done is an evaluation of your dog and what treatment is necessary to stabilize them for treatment for heartworms and then the elimination of all the heartworms and larvae.

The adult heartworms will be killed first, then comes the larvae and the microfilaria. Both have to kill with different treatments. There are side effects that can happen that are very dangerous to your dog while ridding them of the adult heartworm. As the adult heartworms die they can become lodged in the arteries. The arteries are already inflamed by the presence of these worms but as the worms decompose the arteries can become more inflamed and your dog will need to be watched carefully for things like this that may occur during treatment. Sometimes, according to how infested your dog is with heartworms, he may need to stay at the hospital for proper care. Talking with your veterinarian will ease your mind and let you know the best options for your dog.

The treatment for heartworms in cats may be no treatment. Cats are very hard to treat for heartworms. The side effects of the dying worms cause at least one third of the cats treated life threatening problems. Cats can not also take some of the medications available for eliminating heartworms. Your veterinarian will have to do many tests to determine if your cat should undergo treatment.

As with all disease prevention is better than the treatment. Before your pet can get heartworm disease talk with your veterinarian and find medications that can prevent heartworms in your pet from ever happening.

Finding a Breeder

ciMuch has been written on how to find a reputable breeder. All in an attempt to put a stop to pet mills and abandoned dogs. But too many prospective puppy buyers are just as irresponsible as some breeders. So now, serious, quality breeders, have taken steps to protect both their dogs and their privacy.

Times have changed a great deal, so have puppy buyers and breeders. More people live in apartments or have small yards. As the population ages and there are more `empty nests’, demands for companion pets have changed. Small dogs that are easy to keep inside and dogs that require less exercise room are becoming more desirable. So why should looking for a Papillon or Phalene puppy for sale be any different than looking for some of the more common, large breed dogs? Let’s go step by step with an explanation from the breeder’s point of view.

Pick of the litter. This comes from the large litters that big dogs can have. Large dogs can have 10 or more pups, while Papillons and Phalenes may have 1 to 4 puppies in a litter. Large litters usually have a couple of large puppies and maybe a smaller ‘runt’. The smallest puppy in a Papillon or Phalene litter is usually small because of careful breeding, not the weakness usually thought of in ‘runts’, These are also the most sought after. If the breeder has a waiting list, the best Papillon or Phalene puppy will go to someone wanting a show Papillon or Phalene. A person wanting a pet Papillon or Phalene and only paying pet price will not get to ‘pick’ the show Papillon or Phalene puppy. A direct quote from Cornell University’s DOG WATCH Newsletter, Vol.1, No. 8, Oct 97, states ‘No one has yet been able to find a direct correlation between a dog’s behavior at seven weeks and at two years.’ Good breeders try to match the person with the puppy the buyer desires. Another quote from the same source states ‘ good breeders who know their dogs and how to interview the prospective owners often can do a better job of picking the right pup than the prospective owners themselves.’

Seeing the parents. Many times only the mother of the Phalene or Papillon puppy is available for the buyer to see. Good breeders often go to someone with a superior male to improve the quality of their Phalenes and Papillons. Buyers should not be discouraged to see only one parent of the puppy. Buyers may not understand the toll that having puppies takes on the mother. If she is a long-haired breed, she may have been clipped by the owner for her comfort and for the good of the pups. She will not look ready for the show ring at the time the pups are ready to go. These things need to be considered when seeing the parents of a Phalene or Papillon puppy.

Viewing the kennel or home. This is where the greatest change is taking place today. Papillons and Phalenes are more popular than ever. A buyer usually does not realize the number of calls a breeder who has Phalene or Papillon puppies for sale can get every day from people who just want to see what Papillons or Phalenes look like, with no intention of buying a puppy. Directly related stories and personal experiences of breeders indicate that potential buyers and ‘window shoppers’ abuse this piece of advice the most! Breeders have outside jobs, family obligations and , of course, the Papillons and Phalenes. They are rarely sitting around for the sole convenience of visitors! Here are just a few ways that the words ‘kennel inspection’ have been interpreted and abused by some claiming to be looking for Papillon puppies for sale:: they are on vacation and in your town. They phone and want to see your Phalene or Papillon puppies (in the next 15 minutes)—only because you happen to be nearby when they run out of sights to see! OR a family or friend are visiting for the weekend, so looking at your puppies would be a good way to pass the time. OR, the grandkids are visiting and it is time to take them out for a while!

None of these people called to make an appointment. None had any desire to buy a Papillon or Phalene. They used the ‘kennel inspection ‘ excuse to treat the breeder like a free petting zoo, there to entertain them when they have nothing else to do. Now add to this the number of people who are truly doing their beat to find the right Phalene or Papillon puppy for sale for them..

Breeders have other things to worry about in addition to inconsiderate, bored window shoppers. Puppy diseases are easily spread by even the most casual contact. The best breeders will not allow their puppies to be seen or handled until the puppy has had it’s first shots, usually not before 5 weeks old. By this time, the breeder may have deposits on the Papillon or Phalene puppies from people who are more familiar with the breed and the breeder’s pedigrees. This can be frustrating to the pet buyer who is taking the advice usually printed about finding a breeder with Phalene or Papillon puppies for sale.

Buyers should not be offended if the breeder suggests a first meeting at a dog show or other place. This gives the breeder time to meet the potential owner of one of their precious babies, and gives the buyer the chance to see other Papillons and Phalenes.

Unless the breeder is also a public groomer or boarding kennel, they may not carry the type of insurance that would protect them from minor lawsuits. This can be a problem when people insist on bringing a small child or their current dog to see the puppies. Children have been known to to wander around the breeders home, peering into kitchen cabinets, pulling flowers and bulbs from the garden, and even attempting to enter bedrooms, basements and garages! Careless parents have handed small puppies to a child, only to have the child drop the puppy and break it’s leg!

Some adults are worse (because they should know better). They do not seem to understand that they are in a breeders HOME, and do not respect the breeder’s privacy. Some breeder’s do not allow others to see or handle puppies that have a deposit on them, as these puppies are now the property of others. This disturbs some buyers, but remember, the breeder will protect the puppy YOU buy from strangers. There are some people who do not know when to leave. The breeder may have to go to work, cook supper, answer the phone or any number of life’s activities.

Then there is the breeder’s nightmare-thieves! I am a member of a large, all-breed, show-sponsoring club. At our last show, flyers had to be posted warning owners to watch their dogs because of a recent rash of dog thefts. Papillons and Phalenes are popular, hard to get and easy to carry off! Breeders have had puppies stolen from their home when they went to answer the phone while the ‘prospective’ buyers were looking at the puppies. Others have lost puppies after showing the puppies, only to have the ‘buyer’ return when the owner was not home, to break in a steal all the puppies. Even more disturbing, some have had their home robbed of personal property several days after showing the puppies and allowing a ‘kennel inspection’, even though they had NO kennel, just a spare room for the puppy nursery. All because they had a Papillon or Phalene puppy for sale.

There are some very dedicated breeders who live alone. In society today, they have to exercise even more caution to insure their safety and peace of mind. They may not desire to have a stranger visit, but they may still be producing wonderful Phalene or Papillon puppies. To not consider one of these simply because you cannot go to their home may deprive you of the very Papillon or Phalene puppy you are searching for!

Some want to bring cameras and take pictures of the puppies and the home.

This is truly an invasion of privacy! Besides the obvious objection to this, the pictures may not be well taken. Many breeders go to great pains to have quality pictures taken of their dogs. If you want pictures, ask for some from the breeder, they will be happy to give you good ones. If you buy a Phalene or Papillon puppy, do not take photos at the breeders home without permission. After all, the puppy will not change in the time it takes for you to get to your own home.

References. This is another area that needs to be re-considered. All the things that apply to the breeder also apply to those who own a puppy. They did not get a Phalene or Papillon puppy so that strangers can call or even attempt to visit to see a dog that they bought as a family pet. Add to this, that this is probably the most inaccurate way to determine a breeder’s quality. Anyone can give you the phone number of a friend. Even Vets do not make good references, as many have no idea of the standard for the breed, although they should be knowledgeable on health matters.

A much better way to compare breeders who have Phalene or Papillon puppies for sale is to look at the guarantee that they offer. Do not expect every guarantee to be the same.

Breeding practices have changed because of buyer education. Now buying practices need to adjust to better serve the buying public and protect the breeder and puppies

So what should you expect to do to get a great Phalene or Papillon puppy? First, know the breed. Do not expect the breeder to supply you with a library of information simply because you have a casual interest or are investigating several breeds.. Go to the library and read up on the breed if you know nothing about it. If you have never seen the breed, go to a dog show, It is not the breeder’s job to put on a private show of all their dogs just because they may have Papillon or Phalene puppies for sale. You are not entitled to see all their Papillons and Phalenes–only the parents! Then you will be prepared to ask the breeder specific questions relating to their dogs and your desires.

Train Your Dog To Be Your Frisbee Playing Buddy

cu1. Certain breeds are accustomed to an active lifestyle, so, when they are forced to remain idle, they tend to create interesting diversions to entertain themselves. Unfortunately, their idea of fun may be something that you consider to be destructive behavior. Playing Frisbee with your dog may help to curb some of your dog’s destructive behavior by giving your pup an outlet for all of his pent-up energy.

2. Playing Frisbee will also provide both you and your dog with a bit of exercise. This is a great way to help your pet keep in tiptop condition.

Herding dogs are more adept at fetching a Frisbee, but other breeds can certainly be taught. There are even different discs on the market that are suited to different types of dogs. If you want to begin training at an early age, then you should look into purchasing a miniature disc for your puppy as a regular-size disc would be much too large for his tiny mouth.

Frisbee. It’s What’s For Dinner

Your first step toward molding your dog into a Frisbee-catching-master should be to replace his regular food dish with a Frisbee. Flip the disc over and serve up some chow, but be sure to remove the disc as soon as your dog has finished eating. The last thing that you want is for the Frisbee to become a chew toy. Your dog, who will come to associate the disc with supper, will gladly chase after it when you start tossing his ‘food dish’ through the air.

Didn’t Your Mother Tell You Not to Play Indoors?

Well, for this next step you are going to have to go against mom’s advice. Take a seat on the floor and start rolling the Frisbee a few feet along the ground. Next, encourage your dog to chase after the disc. If your dog obeys, then be sure to provide ample praise. If your dog doesn’t go for the disc don’t become discouraged. Never become angry or frustrated with your dog during his learning experience. It is vital to the process that your dog view this as the greatest fun that the two of you could ever share. Just keep trying. He’ll get it eventually.

From Fetching….

Now you are going to teach your dog to return the disc to you. Play your usual game of roll the Frisbee, but this time call your dog’s name and tell him to come back to you with the disc. Even if the dog returns with out being told, this step must not be skipped as it teaches your dog to retrieve the Frisbee. There are additional steps that you might need to try if your dog doesn’t bring the disc back to you when called.

1. Tempt your dog to return by offering another Frisbee in exchange for the one he’s got. After you have rolled the first Frisbee and your dog has picked it up, call his name, tell him to bring the Frisbee to you, and show him that you have another disc. Your dog will most probably come running for the other Frisbee. Roll the second disc and repeat this process.

2. If your dog proves to be a little stubborn, then you may have to resort to using a training lead of about 30 feet. After you have rolled the first Frisbee and your dog has picked it up, call his name, tell him to bring the Frisbee to you, and then gently pull him back toward you. If your dog drops the disc while being reeled-in, then stop pulling him toward you. Get up, retrieve the Frisbee yourself, and begin the rolling process over again.

….To Catching

When your dog has mastered bringing the Frisbee back to you without the offer of another disc or the aid of a lead, then it is time to move outdoors as he is now ready to begin learning to catch the Frisbee. Care needs to be taken at this point that you do not actually throw the Frisbee at your dog. Some dogs may not try to catch the Frisbee and will, instead, be hit by the disc. This will cause them to become fearful of the disc and then training them to play with it will become a very difficult task.

Stand a few feet away from your dog and toss the Frisbee into the air. While doing this say ‘Catch’. Repeat this process until your dog completes the task. Be patient as this process may take months for your dog to accomplish. When your dog finally manages to catch the disc be sure to provide a reward and a lot of praise.

You are now ready to move onto the next and final step. If you are right-handed, then take a position on your dog’s right. Those who are left-handed should simply reverse their position in relation to their dog. From this position throw the Frisbee a short distance in front of you. When you dog becomes adept at catching these short throws, then you can progress to throws of a greater distance.

Congratulations! You now have a Frisbee catching buddy. Take your playmate out to the park and show off his new skills. Don’t surprised if the two of you draw a crowd of very impressed onlookers.

Lyme Disease in Dogs

cjIt is hard to get an early diagnosis of lyme disease in your own dog. The first sign of lyme disease in humans is a rash, well; animals do not develop this rash. Lyme disease is also not one of the first illnesses that the veterinarian looks for when you take your dog in for a visit. Many other common illnesses can produce some of the same symptoms, so it can be hard to detect.

Lyme disease does affect each dog different as it does with humans. Many dogs that are affected with lyme disease seem to be in pain and many stop eating. They may even run very high fevers. Lyme disease affects the entire body and some dogs may become lame and then even if untreated the lameness can disappear but can reappear later on. Your dog may not even show any signs of an illness for a long period of time and in fact have lyme disease, and then the symptoms can show up a year later.

Diagnosis of lyme disease can be done with a blood test. But, if your dog has had the illness for a long time even confirming that it is, in fact lyme disease can be hard to prove. In many cases, the antibodies that are present when a dog has lyme disease may have already disappeared or have not been created yet.

So, of course, the best way to go to ensure that your dog does not contract lyme disease is in the prevention. Always groom your dog after they have been outdoors in and around where ticks live, high grass, thick brush, or even in the woods.

Dog Grooming Tips

clBrushing your dog daily will remove pollens, grasses, and other outdoor irritants as well as stimulating the skin’s circulation and preventing matting. Brush carefully and down to the skin, taking care not to tug on tangles, and using a soft bristle brush on sensitive areas.

Bathing should also be done on a monthly basis, following a thorough brushing. Use a natural, low lather, low irritant shampoo, wet your dog down thoroughly with lukewarm water, and apply the shampoo using your hands. Avoid getting water or shampoo in his eyes and ears, and lather all over, right down to his skin, then rinse thoroughly. Shampoo residue is a major cause of skin irritation for dogs. After rinsing, towel dry your dog, and avoid using any coat finishers or blow dryers, which can also cause skin irritation in a sensitive dog.

Grooming is essential for a dog’s skin health, helps you identify skin problems early on, and is a great way for you to bond with your dog as well!

Lyme Disease Treatment in Pets

ckAntibiotics will be taken for a long period of time and some times and may not be very effective if your pet has had the disease for a long period of time. Sometimes, your veterinarian can switch the antibiotics so see if that may cure the disease. But, if your pet does get bitten again, the disease can reoccur.

So, the best treatment for lyme disease is in the prevention. Ticks can be found in many different areas and are just waiting for the next warm body. Keeping your pets out of thick brush and high grass will help them from getting ticks, but there are many products on the market today that can in fact keep ticks off of your pets or kill these pests if your pet already has ticks.

Bathing your pet or grooming your pet can also help in preventing ticks the time to attach to your pet. After, your pet has been outdoors, comb him completely and check his skin. This can be a long process if you dog or cat has long hair. But, it will be well worth the time.

If you do find a tick on your pet and it is moving around then you will be able to remove it very easily. Be sure to kill the tick. If the tick has attached it is very important it remove it properly. You can use tweezers or your fingernails. Grab the tick close to your pet’s skin and pull straight out very firmly. Do not allow any of the contents from the tick on your skin or your pet’s skin. Lyme disease can be transmitted through a cut on the skin. And yes, humans can also contract lyme disease.

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